What problems in Sub-Saharan Africa are causing  poverty?

MOST countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are "Third World" or "underdeveloped" countries.  [The U.S. is an example of a "developed country - we fully use all our resources.  An underdeveloped country has not fully used its resources - including its human resources.  Countries with developed economies like ours are called 1st World Countries.  Communist countries like the former U.S.S.R., were the 2nd World.]    Many people are extremely poor.   There are few doctors and even less medicine.   Few people have more than an elementary school education.    Without money, people cannot start businesses.   Without an education, people cannot do work that is valuable enough to make money.   If you look at the shantytown to the right, you can see another problem - the people do not have addresses.   It is difficult for them to get any sort of financial or governmental services if you cannot even say where you live.


Above - picking through garbage.

Pictured above is a Shantytown - a term for a town thrown together with anything available. 

Many people and communities are extremely weakened by disease.    They are so weak that walking across a room without resting is difficult.  The two diseases that do the most harm are malaria and sleeping sickness.    In wet areas mosquitoes carry malaria.    In the savanna the tsetse fly carries sleeping sickness.    Especially around Lake Victoria and in southern Africa, AIDS [Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome] is killing so many that there is no place to bury them.   These disease-weakened people cannot contribute to the community by working.  And the government must spend money on medicines rather than on roads or education.   The diseases of Sub-Saharan Africa are keeping the people in poverty.